Since ancient times, Bharat had been a city of intellects. It always
had been a leading nation in providing the intellectual and philosophical
base for the coming of new waves of thoughts. The most original literary
contribution of Bharat to the world stands in the Vedas. Vedas are the
oldest texts in the world.
Vedas not only depict a philosophy but they have the greatest literary
values. The variety of topics dealt with in Vedas range from philosophy
to music, from environment to medical concepts and from social values
to descriptions of the cycles of nature. Going further, come the landmarks
in the literary
history of the world- the two epics- Ramayana and Mahabharata. It is said
that everything that exists in the world is there in Mahabharata and that
which does not exist in Mahabharata does not eventually exist in the world.
The Bharatiya literature owes it's root to this great tradition.
these original works are in Sanskrit- the mother of all languages, the
medieval and modern day literature has found expression in around more
than 40 local languages. In this topic we shall see the types of literature
in Bharat, the various forms it has taken with the passage of time, new
experiments which belong totally to the Indian soil, India's contribution
to the world literature and modern currents in the literature.